Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine.

The major types of IBD are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. The main difference between Crohn’s disease and UC is the location and nature of the inflammatory changes. Crohn’s can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from mouth to anus (skip lesions), although a majority of the cases start in the terminal ileum. Ulcerative colitis, in contrast, is restricted to the colon and the rectum.

Researchers do not yet know what causes inflammatory bowel disease. Therefore, IBD is called an idiopathic disease (disease with an unknown cause).

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